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Divisions of the Waffen-SS

21.SS-Waffen-Gebirgs Division der SS  "Skanderberg"

Formed in 1944 and consisted mainly of volunteers from Albaina and Kosovo, but also a few thousand sailors from the Kriegsmarine who had lost their ships. It was used to fight partisans but many of the soldiers deserted (close to 3.500 within two months) and the division was disbanded.

The remaining troops fought on as Kampfgruppe Skanderbeg before becoming a part of the 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen.


22.Freiw.-Kavallerie Division der SS "Maria Theresa"

Founded in 1944, mainly from Hungarian Volksdeutsche.

It took part in the overthrow of the Hungarian leader Admiral Horthy and later fought the Soviet forces and was destroyed when Budapest was captured.


23.Waffen-Gebirgs Division der SS "Kama"

Founded in 1944. It consisted of volunteers from Croatia (both Volksdeutsche and anti-communist Croatians) around a German cadre.

The Soviet forces were getting close to the training grounds of Kama in the end of 1944 and it was decided to disband the division. The (still untrained) soldiers were transferred to the Handschar division and the staff was used to form 31. SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Division.


23.SS-Freiw.-Panzer Grenadier Division "Nederland"

Consisted of Dutch volunteers and was formed 10 Feb 1945 when SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Brigade Nederland was upgraded. Nederland was given the number 23 when the Kama division was disbanded.

The Dutch soldiers were planned to be a part of the
Nordland division but after protests from the Dutch nazi-party, Nationaal Socialistische Beweging (NSB), it was decided that they would form their own division.


24.Waffen Gebirgs Division "Karstjäger"

Was upgraded from Karstwehr-Bataillon, 1st Aug 1944 which had been fighting partisans in northern Italy since 1942. It consisted mainly of volunteers from Italy but also of volunteers from Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the Ukraine.

It was downgraded to Waffen-Gebirgs-(Karstjäger)Brigade der SS on 5th Dec 1944 and upgraded again 10th Feb 1945.

Karstjäger mainly fought partisans (with considerable success) but in the end of the war it also fought the western allies.


25.Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS "Hunyadi"

Consisted of Hungarian volunteers. It was still training when the Red Army entered Silesia and it retreated to Bavaria.


26.Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS "Hungaria"

Formed in 1944 and consisted of Hungarian and Rumanian volunteers. It was still forming when it war forced to withdraw to Austria apart from a battle group that was sent to Brno in Czechoslovakia.


27.SS-Freiw.-Panzergrenadier Division "Langemarck"

Formed 19 Oct 1944 when 6. SS-Freiwilligen-Sturmbrigade Langemarck was upgraded to a division and it consisted of Flemish and some Finnish volunteers.

It fought on the eastern front and participated in the fighting at Narva. It continued to fight the soviet forces as it was forced back into Germany and the division surrendered at Mecklenburg though some parts participated in the battle of Berlin.


28.SS-Freiw.-Panzergrenadier Division "Wallonien"

Formed when 5.SS-Freiwilligen-Sturmbrigade Wallonien was upgraded to a division. It consited of mainly Belgian volunteers but also some French and Spanish. It fought on the east front until the end of the war when parts of the unit managed to retreat to Denmark while the rest surrendered to the Soviets.


29.Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS

Was to be formed from Waffen-Sturm-Brigade RONA, but after its actions during the Warsaw uprising and the execution of Bronislav Kaminski, this division was disbanded before it was fully formed.

The number 29 was given to
Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS (Italienische Nr 1).

Formed in Sep 1944 when Waffen-Grenadier-Brigade der SS (italienische Nr. 1) was upgraded to a division. It was given the number 29 when Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS (Russische Nr 1) was disbanded but it never close to divisional size.


30.Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS

Formed Feb 1945 from Waffen-Grenadier-Brigade der SS (weißruthenische Nr. 1).
It was nowhere near division size and saw no action.


31.SS-Freiw.-Grenadier Division "Böhmen und Mähren"

Formed in Oct 1944 from Volksdeutsche (mainly from Slovakia) and parts of the disbanded Kama division. It fought briefly against the soviets but was soon destroyed.


32.SS-Freiw.-Grenadier Division "30 Januar"

Formed in January 1945 from the remains of other units, staff and pupils from SS schools and various other troops. The division fought on the Oder-front and parts of it participated in the battle of Berlin while some surrendered to the western allies.


33.Waffen-Kavallerie Division der SS

Formed from Hungarian volunteers, mostly from remains of Hungarian cavalry units.

It never reached anything close to divisional size and was destroyed in the fighting near Budapest.


33.Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS "Charlemagne"

When Waffen-Grenadier-Brigade der SS Charlemagne (Französische Nr.1) was expanded to a division by adding men from the various collaborationist organisations that had been forced out of France. It given the number 33 when Waffen-Kavallerie Division der SS (Ungarnische Nr 4) was destroyed.

Charlemange consisted mainly of French volunteers (some of whom where transferred from the
Horst Wessel division) but also of volunteers from Switzerland, the French colonies and a few from other counties such as Japan and Sweden. According to some sources the French volunteers included a few from Indo-China (present day Vietnam), Laos and even a few Jews (!) who had served in the collaborationist forces in France. A black man from Martinique is also said to have volunteered but he was not accepted.

The division fought on the eastern front but most of it was destroyed during the Soviet offensive though some parts fought in the battle of Berlin and some surrendered to the western allies.


34.Freiw.-Grenadier Division der SS  "Landstorm Nederland"

Formed when SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Brigade Landstorm Nederland was upgraded to a division. Never reached its strenght, but managed around 6,000 men with mostly 2nd rate weapons and equipment.


35.SS-"Polizei" Grenadier Division

Founded in March 1945 when SS-Polizei Regimenter 29 & 30 was transfered to the Waffen-SS. The division fought the soviet forces southeast of Berlin and when it was overrun, the survivours were attached to the Nederland, 30 Januar & Dirlewanger divisions.


36.Waffen-Grenadier Division der SS "Dirlewanger"

Formed Feb 1945 when SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger was upgraded to a division. The number of desertions increased rapidly and in the middle of April it had almost ceased to exist.


37.SS-Freiw.-Kavallerie Division "Lützow"

Formed in February 1945 from remnants of the Florian Geyer & Maria Theresa divisions. This "division" never reached the strength of even a regiment and was soon destroyed by the Soviet forces.


38.SS-Grenadier Division "Nibelungen"

Founded in March 1945 from personnel and students from the SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz. The division fought the american forces in Bavaria before the surrender.

According to some sources the name of this division was supposed to be Junkerschule or Junkerschule Bad Tölz instead of Nibelungen.

Seven additional Divisions were planned, but because of the German surrender in Mai 1945 they were never formed:

39. SS-Gebirgsdivision "Andreas Hofer"
40. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadierdivision "Feldherrnhalle"
41. Waffen-Grenadier-Division d. SS (finnisches Nr. 1) "Kalevala"
42. SS-Division "Niedersachsen"
43. SS-Division "Reichsmarschall"
44. SS-Panzer-Division "Wallenstein"
45. SS-Division "Waräger

Source: Axis History Factbook

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.:: Wiking Ruf - Europäische Freiwilligen in der Waffen-SS ::.